Residency Research

The VCU Department of PM&R wishes to promote a greater understanding and appreciation of research among residents and every attempt will be made to facilitate this. Residents complete a research and/or quality improvement project during their residency with a departmental faculty adviser. Resident research updates are held semi-annually with a goal to have research projects presented at a national PM&R meeting.

Projects: RESIDENT RESEARCH UPDATE: VCU Dept PM&R (Spring, 2018)


Chris Arbonies
  • Implications of Power Mobility on Body Weight (Caruso, McDonald) AAPMR ‘17

Chris Beal

  • Higher Vitamin D Influences Cholesterol & Insulin Sensitivity Independent of Body Composition in SCI (Gorgey) AAPMR ’16, Jrl JSCM
  • DVT prophylactic Guidelines & Order Set for Inpatient Rehabilitation (Pai)
  • Development of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia in a Chronic Tetraplegia: Case Report (Tubbs) AAPMR ’17, Jrl SCM
  • Practitioner Adherence to Textbook Electrodiagnostic Guidelines (Jennings, Tubbs, Murphy, Carne, Cifu) Subm’t Biomed Res Inter

Seth Haywood

  • Treatment of Phantom Limb Pain with Calmare Scrambler Therapy: Case Report (Murphy) Poster AAPMR ’17
  • Feasibility of Cranial Electrical Stimulation in Treating Insomnia in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease (Qutubuddin) 

Jessica Hupe

  • Evaluation of Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment for Alcohol (CIWA) in Patients with TBI (Carter, Klyce) Poster AAPMR ’17
  • Sleep: An Underrated Player in Athletic Performance (Dec) newsletter article Pub’d Jan, 2017

Russ Lacey

  • Alcohol Withdrawal & Early Outcomes after TBI (Carter, Klyce) Poster AAPMR ’17

Rondy Lazaro

  • Correlating Knee Angle of Drop-Jump & 1-Leg Step-down Tests w/ Kinematics of Mid-Stance Running Gait (Wilder) Poster AAPMR ‘15
  • Gait Abnormality in a Tennis Player with Right Knee Pain (Dec) Poster AMSSM ‘16
  • Cognitive Symptoms Following Head Injury in a College Football Player (Dec) Poster AMSSM ‘17
  • Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosed in an Athlete with Gait Abnormality: A Case Report (Dec) Poster AAPMR ’17
  • The Effect of Modified Arm Swing Patterns on Hip Adduction and Internal Rotation During Running (Dec, Williams) Poster AAP ‘18
  • Knee Orthoses for Sports-related Issues. Book Chapter. (Dec). Published: Atlas of Orthoses & Assistive Devices

Olivier Rolin

  • Intensive Training to Improve mobility for Amputees Receiving new Lower Extremity Prosthesis (Darter, Webster, Young) Oral Pres AAPMR ’17
  • Snapping Elbow Treated with Ultrasound-Guided Ulnar Nerve Hydro-Dissection w/I the Cubital Tunnel: Case (Hickman), TBS AAPMR, JPMR
  • Standardizing Documentation for Pediatric Outpatient Visits (QIP – Carter)
  • Biomechanics of the spine (Carter) Book Chapter, Atlas of P&O


Randy Jenkins

  • Post-Traumatic Cerebral Infarction in Patients with TBI (Walker) Poster: AAPMR ‘18
  • Ultrasound Findings in a Non-Traumatic Sub-Xiphoid Hernia: Case Report (Hickman) TBS: AMSSM

Adam Hills

  • Posterior Cord Syndrome: Demographics & Rehabilitation Outcomes (McKinley) Poster AAPMR ’17
  • Chronic Right Shoulder and Chest Pain in a Barista (Caldwell) Poster: AMSSM ‘18
  • Assessment & Management of Acute Low Back Pain in a Dancer with Bertolotti Syndrome: case report (Dec) Poster: AAPMR ‘18

Thomas Phan

  • Effect of Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulator on Post-Amputation Pain (Lester)
  • Effects of Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulator on ambulation in an amputee with refractory pain– Case Reports (Lester) Poster: AAPMR ‘18
  • Post-Operative Management of Transtibial Amputation in an Opioid-Tolerant Pt w/ Peripheral Neuromodulation (Lester, Trainer) Poster: ASRA ‘18

Joseph Seacrist

  • Peripheral Joint Injection Training for PM&R Residents (QIP - Carter)
  • An Uncommon Cause of Acute Cervical Pain in a Pediatric Athlete: Case Report (Dec) Poster: AAPMR ‘18

Kate Zakrzewski

  • Reintegrating patients back to a central dining area for meals (QIP, Carter) Poster: AAPMR ‘18
  • Neuropathic Spinal Arthropathy leading to Spinal Cord Transection and Aortic Displacement: case report (Goetz) Subm’t: AAPMR ‘18


Jordan Adler

  • Improving Physician Coding/Billing Efficiency using Preset Templates (QIP - Pai, Caruso)

Ellie Balakhanlou

  • Epidemiology of Injuries in Community Adaptive Sports Program.(Caldwell)
  • Anomalous Innervation and Risk of Complications following Carpal Tunnel Release – Case Report (Goldberg)

Jared Gilman

  • Ewings Sarcoma Causing Epidural Spinal Cord Compression and Posterior Cord Syndrome: Case Report (McKinley) Poster: AAPMR ‘18
  • Agar-Gelatin Phantom Model for Teaching Ultrasound-Guided Injections (QIP - Hickman)

Steven Hansen

  • Continuity of Care from Acute Hospitalization to Inpatient Rehabilitation (QIP - Carter)
  • Paraplegia following Anterior Spinal Artery embolization: Case Report (McKinley)

Sean Hoge

  •  Myoelectric vs Body-Powered prosthetic Use in Upper Extremity Amputees (Webster)

Tim Korshin


  • Evaluating Ultrasound Elastography in Diabetic Patients at Risk for Developing Ulcers (Murphy)




Mentors assist residents with projects that lead to meaningful clinical change. Dissemination of knowledge gleaned from research occurs at national meetings and within nationally recognized journals.

  • Wiaam Ahmed – Gender differences in pain treatment at a university-affiliated pain clinic (Mentor: Dr. Silver), poster AAPMR 2014
  • Chris Bednarek – FIM Certification for Residents (Mentor: Dr. Pai), poster AAPMR 2014
  • Revati Mummaneni – Gender Differences in Visceral Adiposity after Spinal Cord Injury (Mentor: Dr. Gorgey), poster AAPMR 2015
  • William Robbins – Palliative Management of heavily exudative chronic Pressure Ulcers in SCI: Case report (Mentor: Dr. Caruso), poster AAPMR 2014
  • Brad Stovall – Introductory Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Course for PM&R Residents (Mentors: Dr. Goldberg, Dr. Murphy and Dr. Graham), AAP 2014


VCU PM&R residents learn the art of manuscript writing and preparation during training. This last hurdle of research is a collaborative effort between resident and mentor. VCU PM&R has a history of publishing research in well-recognized journals and texts:


  • Pai A, Darko I, Robbins W. Moderate & Severe TBI in PM&R Patient-Centered Care. Demos Medical, 165-176, 2015
  • Goldberg G, Stockhausen S. Book Review: Atlas of Anatomy, General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. AJPMR, e23, 2015


  • Carter W, Darko I, Chandan P, Pai A. Colitis After Polytrauma: Case Report, JRRD 51 (4), 665-60; 2014
  • Tucker J, Ericksen J, Goetz L. Should Clinical Studies Involving “Regenerative Injection Therapy” Strive to Incorporate a Triad of Outcome Measures Instead of Only Including Clinical Outcome Measures? Osteoarthritis & Cartilage, 22(6):715-7, 2014


  • McNamee S, Cifu D, Sanderlin J. Rehabilitation of Blast Related Polytrauma. IN: Acute Medical Rehabilitation. Editor: Henk Stem. 2013.
  • Goetz L, Powell D, Castillo et al; “Hip Abscess Due to Aerococcus Urinae in a Man with Paraplegia”: Spinal Cord, 2013; 5, 929-30
  • Pai A, Cifu D, Drake D, Kerge T. “US Service Members with Polytrauma: Case Report” Practical Pain Management, 2013